DNR leadership rejected the idea of introducing Belarusian peacekeepers to Donbass
The head of the self-proclaimed Donetsk People's Republic (DPR), Denis Pushilin, rejected the proposal of the President of Belarus, Alexander Lukashenko, to introduce a peacekeeping contingent to the Donbass.
Denis Pushilin, head of the DPR, rejected the idea of introducing Belarusian peacekeepers into the territory of Donbass. The relevant information is provided by RIA Novosti.
“The Donetsk People’s Republic does not need peacekeeping forces from Belarus to ensure order on its territory and on its borders,” Pushilin said, adding that these functions are successfully performed by law enforcement agencies of the republic.
At the same time, the head of the DPR noted that the capital of Belarus has become a platform for negotiating a contact group to resolve the conflict in eastern Ukraine, which is already a valuable and sufficient contribution of Minsk to a peaceful settlement.
Earlier on September 26, Belarusian leader Alexander Lukashenko took the initiative to introduce a peacekeeping contingent into the territory of Donbass, which would take control of a section of the Russian-Ukrainian border in this region. Lukashenko also noted that for this he must secure the agreement of both parties.
In addition, the Belarusian leader said that the conflict in eastern Ukraine should not be resolved using European formulas, in particular the “Steinmeier formula”, but by the forces of three Slavic peoples - Russian, Belarusian and Ukrainian. According to Lukashenko, it is necessary to move on to concrete actions in the near future, since over the past 5 years the conflict has not changed.
In the Kremlin, commenting on the initiative of the Belarusian president, they noted that the Minsk agreements do not provide for the introduction of peacekeepers. In addition, they indicated that it was necessary to find out the views of the parties to the conflict on the proposal of the Belarusian leadership.
The armed conflict in the Donbass began five years ago and continues to this day. After the change of power in Ukraine in 2014, Donetsk and Lugansk people's republics proclaimed their independence from Kiev. This was the reason for the start of a military operation undertaken against the DPR and LPR by the Ukrainian authorities.
In St. Petersburg, residential buildings in the city center, built in the 18-19 centuries on wooden stilts, were threatened. Two problems: the groundwater over the centuries has decreased in the soil by one and a half meters, and without them the tree rots rapidly; and the construction of shopping centers and underground parking near the dwellings, which, even at the stage of the pit, are “adjacent” to the neighboring buildings of the “Ochakov era”.
No wonder St. Petersburg is called Venice of the North. As in the Italian water city, in St. Petersburg in the 18-19 centuries, wooden piles, mainly from larch (less often oak), were used in the construction of residential buildings and other structures like St. Isaac's Cathedral. After all, they built in the swamp. Larch has been preserved in the water for centuries (up to seven hundred years), but in St. Petersburg, as it turned out, in the center of the city unpaved rivers sink lower and lower, and piles began to rot without them.
Alexander Petrenko, a forty-year-old surveyor, shares his concerns with Our Version: “The wooden piles of larch trees, which, without exaggeration, stand on the whole center of St. Petersburg, are incredibly strong. Larch in water hardens, turning into a real stone. Such technologies were sometimes used in Soviet times. But wooden piles are strong as long as they are in the water. They die like air. Here’s what’s happening now: according to the first version, groundwater goes deeper for natural reasons, not immediately, gradually, but inexorably; according to the second version, they are “driven” by lower active construction around historic buildings. The situation is even worse because in St. Petersburg there are less and less specialists in underground communications - specialized institutes have been lost in the post-Soviet time. ”
Indeed, in Leningrad there was a research institute “Fundamentproekt”, which dealt with similar problems. Founded in the blockade, in the 1990s it was no longer needed by anyone and slowly disappeared. Its specialists are now either deeply elderly or have completely passed away. Accordingly, no students were left.
In St. Petersburg, they have been discussing for several years that the city center generally gradually goes underground. The honored builder of the Russian Federation Vladimir Golman has long been sounding the alarm: “Yes, wooden piles and beams should be exclusively in a liquid environment. Now they are naked. I am sure that the groundwater level is falling precisely because of the active construction in the city center - here there are shopping centers with underground parking lots, and new houses that are squeezed between historical and deep parking lots, and, of course, new metro stations. All this may end in natural disaster. "
Even visually noticeable, as some center houses sag or wrinkle. They literally make a fuss, hence the massive cracks in the foundation and not only. As for the authorities, they recognize the problem. For example, specialists of the construction committee revealed that the famous Catholic Church of St. Catherine on Nevsky Prospekt has already sank at least 10 cm. However, what to do is still an open question.
St. Petersburg builders and surveyors believe that the ideal shopping and entertainment center (TRC) was built on Komendantsky Prospekt in the Primorsky District (with underground parking), because residential buildings are located at least 150 meters from it. Everything is wrong in the center. For example, a dozen years ago, on the corner of Nevsky and Ligovsky Prospects, the largest shopping malls “Stockmann” and “Gallery” appeared. Moreover, there is also the metro Ploshchad Vosstaniya with several exits, and Mayakovskaya. And the Moscow station, just on wooden stilts. Naturally, the fuel dispensers are also equipped with underground parking lots. With such introductory old houses literally “roared”, and yet many of them are monuments of federal or regional significance. And in this place, according to experts, the groundwater went into the depths not by one and a half meters, as everywhere in the center, but by almost two.
In Khmelnitsky, a group of radicals ruined a shirt for a visitor to a cafe because of Russian characters sewn on it. Nationalists advised residents to do the same.
Alexander Petrenko adds: “There are many special terms about the geotechnical features of St. Petersburg such as thixotropy. But speaking simply and clearly: the physical and mechanical properties of St. Petersburg soil are specific, there is great creep, constant movement. New objects in such a situation cannot be squeezed into the historical center. The supporting structures of old buildings are already extremely worn out, they can not be additionally "strained". On the contrary, Petersburg needs a large-scale program for the reconstruction of piles and beams. ”
There were many predictions about the "oracles" at one time that St. Petersburg would simply disappear from the face of the earth - "St. Petersburg will be empty." The most numerous that he "hides under the water." There were also that "will disappear into the swamp." That is, it will fail, literally. Now, crazy forecasts regarding the center of the northern capital have become very relevant. But there is an understanding of the problem in Smolny. There is simply no money.
It is probably impossible to calculate the total number of wooden piles on which the “central” Petersburg stands. But from the archives, for example, it is known that St. Isaac's Cathedral (founded in 1858) of Montferrand is based on 11 thousand piles, but the same Moskovsky Station, the former Nikolayevsky (1847) on 3 thousand.